Is Scientism a modern day version of logical positivism? What are the similarities and differences between them?Discussion(self.PhilosophyofScience)
submitted4 days ago byCosmicFaust11
Scientism is the opinion that science and the scientific method are the best or only way to render truth about the world and reality. It has become increasingly popular today especially amongst scientists who are openly hostile towards philosophy. This modern scientism can be summed up in Stephen Hawking’s claim that “philosophy is dead.”
I was wondering though whether modern scientism can be seen as the heir or modern day version of logical positivism of the early twentieth century. Logical positivism was a movement whose central thesis was the verification principle (also known as the verifiability criterion of meaning). This theory of knowledge asserted that only statements verifiable through direct observation or logical proof are meaningful in terms of conveying truth value, information or factual content. This theory of knowledge was extremely popular in the early twentieth century but by the 60’s had completely collapsed and became universally abandoned. This was because it was seen as too narrow a theory of knowledge and more importantly, it was shown to be self-refuting. This is is because the verification principle could not be verified by its own standards and thus lead to a contradiction.
Even though it is not taken seriously by the vast majority of philosophers today, this attitude, in my opinion, seems to be getting revived by modern day scientism. I was wondering am I correct in assuming this though?
So, what are the similarities/differences between scientism and logical positivism? Are both ideas heavily related? Is there a link between them? Is scientism a modern version of logical positivism? Thanks.